What Is Medical Qigong? Qigong means different things to different segments of Chinese society. To the followers of Confucius, Qigong was invented to promote longevity and improve moral character. To the followers of Buddha, Qigong assists with meditation. In Chinese martial arts, Qigong makes you a better fighter. However, what we are genuinely interested in is the function of Qigong in traditional Chinese medicine – which is to prevent and cure illness.